Web Content Viewer (JSR 286)

Actions
Loading...

Web Content Viewer (JSR 286)

Actions
Loading...

History of the Hermitage Museum

Choose time period

  • 1750-1800 1750
  • 1800-1850 1800
  • 1850-1900 1850
  • 1900-1950 1900
  • 1950-2000 1950
  • 2000-2050 2000

Events of selected period

1754-1762

...

The Construction of the Winter Palace

The Winter Palace was built by the architect Rastrelli on the orders of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna.
Read on

1762

...

The Early Reign of Catherine II

Catherine Alexeyevna, the wife of Peter III, rose to power on 28 June 1762 after a coup d’état.
Read on

1764 - 1775

...

The Construction of the Small Hermitage

It was here that Catherine II organised parties known as "small hermitages" and housed paintings.
Read on

1764

...

The Acquisition of J.E. Gotzkowsky’s Collection by Catherine II

The year of Catherine II’s acquisition of the Gotzkowsky collection is the museum’s birth date.
Read on

1769

...

The Acquisition of Count Bruhl’s Collection

The collection contained engravings, drawings and paintings by Western European masters.
Read on

1771-1787

...

The Construction of the Great Hermitage

The building construction was ordered by Catherine II for the palace art collections and library.
Read on

1772

...

The Acquisition of Baron Pierre Crozat’s Collection

The collection is recognized as one of the most valuable purchases throughout the Hermitage history.
Read on

1779

...

The Acquisition of Sir Robert Walpole’s Collection

The collection enriched the Picture Gallery of the Hermitage with works by Italian, Flemish and Dutc
Read on

1781

...

The Acquisition of Count Baudouin’s Collection

This superb collection consisted primarily of the paintings by Flemish and Dutch masters.
Read on

1783

...

The Construction of the Hermitage Theatre

The theatre with performances and festivals played an important part in the Imperial Court’s life.
Read on

1787

...

The Acquisition of the Lyde-Brown Collection

The Lyde-Brown collection formed the nucleus of the Hermitage collection of ancient sculpture.
Read on

1795

...

The Creation of the St George Hall

The St George Hall is one of the finest examples of Russian Neoclassical state interiors.
Read on

1815

...

The Acquisition of Empress Josephine’s Collection

Russian troops’ entering Paris was marked by the acquisition of paintings from the Malmaison Palace.
Read on

1825

...

Emperor Nicholas I’s Accession to the Throne

Nicholas I was a firm ruler and the creation of a “public museum” was the reflection of his policy.
Read on

1826

...

The Creation of the War Gallery of 1812

The War Gallery of 1812 by Carlo Rossi in the Winter Palace glorifies the military power of Russia.
Read on

1830-1840

...

The Interiors Designed by A.P. Bryulov

A.P. Bryulov, representative of the Historicist style, designed the magnificent palace interiors.
Read on

1833

...

Creation of the Fieldmarshals’Hall and Peter I’s Room (the Small Throne Room)

The decoration of the Great suite of rooms was created by the architect Auguste Montferrand.
Read on

1837

...

The Fire in the Winter Palace

The fire, which raged for three days, devastated the interior decoration of the Imperial residence.
Read on

1840

...

Recreation of the Winter Palace State Rooms by V. Stasov after the Fire of 1837

The Great suite of rooms and the Nevsky suite of rooms were restored “to their original splendour”.
Read on

1850

...

The Acquisition of the Barbarigo Gallery Collection

Five paintings by Titian were acquired including "The Penitent Mary Magdalene" and "St Sebastian".
Read on

1852

...

The Opening of the Imperial Museum of the New Hermitage

The New Hermitage was the first building in Russia to house the museum art collections.
Read on

1858

...

The Creation of the Pavilion Hall

The leading master of eclecticism A.I. Stackenschneider created a most spectacular interior.
Read on

1860

...

The Creation of State Rooms in the Great Hermitage

The Great Hermitage interiors are distinguished by ornamentation and the variety of décor details.
Read on

1861

...

The Acquisition of the Marquis Gian Pietro Campana Collection

The Campana collection purchased in Italy wonderfully enriched the Hermitage antiquities collection.
Read on

1865

...

The Acquisition of Leonardo da Vinci’s "Madonna and Child" ("The Litta Madonna")

The "Madonna and Child" comes from the family picture gallery of Counts Litta in Milan.
Read on

1870

...

The Purchase of Raphael’s "Conestabile Madonna"

The "Madonna and Child" was acquired from Count Conestabile and presented by Alexander I to his wife
Read on

1884

...

The Acquisition of the A.P.Basilewski Collection

The purchase of this collection of applied art caused a sensation in Europe.
Read on

1885

...

Transfer to the Hermitage of the Imperial Tsarskoye Selo Arsenal Collection

The Imperial Arsenal is a superb collection of Russian, European and Oriental arms and armour.
Read on

1894

...

The Early Reign of Nicholas II

The reign of Nicholas II went down in history as the last in the Russian Empire.
Read on

1914

...

The Acquisition of Leonardo da Vinci’s "Madonna and Child" (the "Benois Madonna")

This masterpiece by Leonardo da Vinci was purchased from the Benois family in St Petersburg.
Read on

1914

...

The Outbreak of World War I, the Opening of Hospital in the Winter Palace

In 1915 – 1917 the state rooms housed the Tsesarevich Alexey Nikolayevich Hospital.
Read on

1917

...

The February Revolution and the Abdication of Emperor Nicholas II

After the February Revolution and the Emperor’s abdication the Provisional Government seized power.
Read on

1917

...

The Overthrow of the Provisional Government

On the night of 26 October (7 November) the Bolshevik Party took power in Petrograd.
Read on

1917

...

The Announcement of the Hermitage and the Winter Palace to be State Museums

In 1921 the Picture Gallery opened to the public and in 1922 more exhibition rooms were accessible.
Read on

1920

...

The Transfer of 460 exhibits to the Central Museum of Old Western Art in Moscow

Amongst the transferred paintings were works by Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, Lorrain and Poussin.
Read on

1920-1930

...

The Transfer of Works of Art from Museums and Nationalized Private Collections

Numerous works of art and world-renowned cultural relics entered the Hermitage collection.
Read on

1932-1934

...

Sale of Works of Art and Transfer of Art Objects to Museums of Union Republics

The museum suffered irreparable losses as a result of the sale of art treasures in 1928-1933.
Read on

1941

...

The Start of World War II and Evacuation of the Museum Collections to the Urals

Over a million works of art were sent in two special trains to the Urals.
Read on

1945

...

The Museum Reopening after the End of World War II

After the war, in November 1945 the Hermitage opened the reconstructed halls to the public.
Read on

1948

...

The New Collection of Late 19th – Early 20th Century European Painting

The Hermitage acquired the paintings by Monet, Renoir, Cezanne, Bonnard, Matisse and Picasso.
Read on

1964

...

The 200th anniversary of the Hermitage

The jubilee festivities underscored the importance of the Hermitage in the national culture.
Read on

1967

...

The First Donation of Matisse’s Works by L.N. Delektorskaya

L.N. Delektorskaya donated to the museum graphic works, sculptures and two portraits of herself.
Read on

1981

...

Opening of the Museum in the Menshikov Palace, the New Branch of the Hermitage

An exhibition “The Culture of Russia in Early 18th Century”opened in the Menshikov Palace.
Read on

1992

...

Opening of the Display “The Winter Palace of Peter I” in the Hermitage Theatre

The display acquaints visitors with the unique architectural monument dating back to the first quart
Read on

1995

...

The Exhibition “Hidden Treasures Revealed”

The exhibition displays paintings from the private German collections displaced after World War II.
Read on

1996

...

The Creation of the International Hermitage Friends Club

The State Hermitage became the first Russian museum to organize an association of Friends.
Read on

1996

...

The Decree of Russian President Boris Yeltsin Dated 12 June 1996

The State Hermitage was included in the Peoples of Russia Heritage List.
Read on

1997

...

Giving the name Hermitage to Minor Planet N4758 in the Solar System

The Institute of Theoretical Astronomy (RAS) named the minor planets Hermitage and Piotrovsky.
Read on

1997

...

The Return of Rembrandt’s Danae to Public Viewing after the Restoration Work

Rembrandt’s painting Danae is one of the most important canvases in the Hermitage collection.
Read on

1999

...

The Opening of Exhibitions in the Eastern Wing of the General Staff Building

On display is the art of the Empire Style and works by the group of French artists called the Nabis.
Read on

1999

...

The Presentation of the “Great Hermitage” Programme

The programme supported by UNESCO was devised to implement the reconstruction of the museum complex.
Read on

1999

...

Transfer of the Flag of the RF and Standard of RF President to the Hermitage

The transfer took place by the decision of the RF President B.N.Yeltsin.
Read on

2000

...

The Opening of the Hermitage Rooms in Somerset House (London)

According to M. Piotrovsky, the centre was “to make our collections more accessible to the public”.
Read on

2001

...

The Opening of the Hermitage-Guggenheim Exhibition Centre in Las Vegas, USA

The exhibition of the Hermitage and the Solomon Guggenheim Foundation was held in Las Vegas in 2001
Read on

2001

...

The “Russian Ark” Project of the State Hermitage and Alexander Sokurov

On 23 December 2001 the Hermitage became the setting for the shooting of the film “Russian Ark”.
Read on

2002

...

The Transfer of Kasimir Malevich’s Painting Black Square to the State Hermitage

One of the most famous works of 20th-century Russian art entered the Hermitage collection.
Read on

2003

...

The Opening of the Great Courtyard of the Winter Palace

The Great Courtyard opened after the completion of the reconstruction works.
Read on

2003

...

The Creation of the State Hermitage’s Board of Trustees

Russian and foreign statesmen, representatives of culture and business serve on the Board.
Read on

2003

...

The Opening of the Porcelain Museum. The Lomonosov Porcelain Factory

The museum display reflects the 250-year old history of St Petersburg porcelain.
Read on

2004

...

The Opening of the Hermitage-Amsterdam Exhibition Complex in Amsterdam

The project provides for two major exhibitions a year from the Hermitage and the Russian Museum.
Read on

2005

...

The Opening of the Hermitage-Kazan Exhibition Centre

The State Hermitage opened its first representation in the Russian Federation.
Read on

2006

...

The Year of Rembrandt in the State Hermitage

The events dedicated to the 400th anniversary of the birth of Rembrandt were held in the Hermitage.
Read on

2007

...

The Opening of the Hermitage-Italy Centre in Ferrara

The opening of the Russian-Italian Centre for Science and Culture was held in the Castle Estense.
Read on

2009

...

Opening of the Hermitage-Amsterdam Centre in the Amstelhof Building, Amsterdam

This is an exhibition and cultural centre located in the Amstelhof Building, 17th-century monument.
Read on

2009

...

The Transfer of the Alexander Column Monument to the State Hermitage

The Alexander Column was erected in 1829-1834 in honour of the victory over Napoleon.
Read on

2009

...

19th Century Graphic Art and 18th Century Porcelain from the Galerie Popoff

This collection of Russian art acquired by the Hermitage is distinguished by superb workmanship.
Read on

2010

...

The Opening of the Hermitage-Vyborg Exhibition Centre in Vyborg

The Centre holds exhibitions and lectures prepared with the assistance of Hermitage specialists.
Read on

2010

...

First Phase Restoration of the Eastern Wing of the General Staff Building

The renovated halls total 32, 5 thousand sq.m., of which 6, 5 thousand sq.m. is exhibition space.
Read on

2011

...

Prado Exhibition at the Hermitage

The exhibition was a most significant event of the Year of Spain in Russia and Russia in Spain.
Read on

2011

...

The Exhibition”Mikhail Lomonosov and the Time of Elizabeth I”

The jubilee exhibition displayed over seven hundred items from the museums, archives and libraries.
Read on

2011

...

The 300-year and 30-year anniversary of the Menshikov Palace and its Display

In honour of the double jubilee the "Around this Place the Memories are Alive" exhibition was held.
Read on

2011

...

“Herculaneum Antiquities” - the First Exhibition in the General Staff Building

The exhibition was part of the Year of Italy in Russia and Year of Russia in Italy.
Read on

2011

...

Exhibition in the Department of the Museum of the Imperial Porcelain Factory

On 6 December 2011 a new permanent exhibition “Porcelain of the Soviet and New Period” opened.
Read on

2012

...

Exhibition “Santiago Calatrava. In Search of Motion”

On display were over 150 architectural models, designs and drawings by the famous architect.
Read on

2012

...

Celebration of the 200th anniversary of the Victory in the Patriotic War of 1812

Special events and themed exhibitions took place in the Hermitage in the jubilee year.
Read on

2013

...

Acquisition of the Tea and Coffee Service of Thomas Dimsdale

The gift to the English physician Thomas Dimsdale from Catherine II entered the Hermitage collection
Read on

2013

...

Wisdom of Astraea. Masonic Monuments of the 18th – first-third of the 19th Centuries in the Hermitage Collection

For the first time on display in the exhibition rooms was the unique complex of Masonic monuments.
Read on

2013

...

The Bronze Age. Europe without Borders. 4th – 1st millennia BC

An archaeological exhibition devoted to the Bronze Age was held in the General Staff building.
Read on

2013

...

Culture and Art of Central Asia

A renewed permanent exhibition “The Art and Culture of Central Asia” has opened in the Hermitage.
Read on

2011-2014

...

A Chronicle of the State Hermitage's 250th Anniversary Celebrations

A Continuing Celebration
Read on