• Landscape with Uranus and Saturn in the Clouds (The Birth of Venus)

    Artist:
    Raffaello (Raffaello Santi), workshop of. 1483-1520; Anonymous Artist
    Technique:
    fresco (transferred from wall to canvas)
    Dimensions:
    265x137 cm

Raffaello (Raffaello Santi), workshop of. 1483-1520; Anonymous Artist

Landscape with Uranus and Saturn in the Clouds (The Birth of Venus)

Italy, circa 1520; between 1824 and 1856

Unrestored. This was the most severely affected of all the frescoes as it was located on the external façade of the loggia, open to the elements. Its lower part was lost, and the entire work was completely painted over in the 19th century with a depiction of a landscape. The original composition can be reconstructed on the basis of an engraving made by Marco Dente and also a counterproof made by pressing a blank sheet against the original drawing that was also used for the creation of a similar mural in the Stufetta. The fresco depicted Venus born from the sea and floating in a seashell. The sky contained a scene of Uranus being castrated by his son Saturn – the goddess was born from Uranus’s semen that fell into the sea. The figures of Uranus and Saturn were retained in somewhat modified form during the overpainting. Study of the surface of the fresco and test cleans have shown that the upper part of the figure of Venus was preserved beneath the overpainting. The question of whether it makes sense to uncover the original paintwork remains open.

School:

Title:

Landscape with Uranus and Saturn in the Clouds (The Birth of Venus)

Place:

Technique:

fresco (transferred from wall to canvas)

Dimensions:

265x137 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1861; acquired from the collection of Campana in Rome

Inventory Number:

ГЭ-2337

Category:

Collection:

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